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You are here: Home / Bettings School / Story of totalizator's arrival

Both bookmakers and totalizators were originated from trivial arguments between players that were resulted in money bets. Naturally arguments breed conflicts and if no regulatory body such arguments usually ended in fights.
One day appeared a man who agreed to give back money to a winner, if he shared a small percent with him. It was the first bookmaker. The first owner of a totalizator acted the same way, but instead of two gamblers, groups of people placed bets in his office. You may guess, that time there were no regulatory bodies to impose control over bookmakers and the latter could pocket money of betting parties and disappear.
To remove the threat of unfair bookmakers one Parisian named Oller opened official betting shop on the territory of a racetrack in 1865. Clear betting procedure and decent fame of Oller contributed to a big flow of gamblers willing to try their luck. In two years the French government issued a decree and all gaming establishments were closed. Oller's shop wasn't an exception.
In 1874 that Oller invented another way to gamble, called pari mutuel, but in two years a new decree prohibited all totalizators on the French territory. Oller had to stop his business again. In 19th century existed pawns that became some kind of a loophole for bettors of that period. But in 1887 French government decided to eliminate gambling sphere as it was and a ban was suppressed on any stakes on the territory of France.
After a while horse racing communities address to the country's leadership with a petition, allowing them to arrange totalizators on the hippodromes, and they agreed to accept any conditions of the government. Heads of the country granted a petition and since 1888 the first official totalizator legally regulated has been functioning in France.
The French legislation of that time imposes that 1% of total sum was sent to the foundation of horse breeding, 2% were spent on charity and only 4% were taken by totalizator communities.
Since that time totalizators became more and more popular in France. Other European countries also adopted this tradition and arranged gambling business in their countries. During 120 years a lot of attempts to ban totalizators were made, but none was successful. At modern horse tracks totalizators open their doors for those visitors who seek for adrenaline and don't want to sit and droningly contemplate horse races.

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